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"Articles in Press" são artigos aceitos e revisados, mas que ainda não foram atribuídos a um volume / número. Podem ser citados usando el DOI - Saber mais

Understanding and interpreting confidence and credible intervals around effect estimates
Luiz Carlos Hespanhol Junior, Caio Sain Vallio, Bruno Tirotti Saragiotto, Lucíola Menezes Costa
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.006

  • Confidence intervals (CI) measure the uncertainty around effect estimates.

  • Reporting CIs in scientific articles is important and relevant for evidence-based practice.

  • Interpretation of the frequentist 95% CI: we can be 95% confident that the true (unknown) estimate would lie within the interval, based on hypothesized repeats of the experiment.

  • Interpretation of the Bayesian 95% CI (which is known as credible interval [CrI]): there is a 95% probability that the true (unknown) estimate would lie within the interval, given the evidence provided by the observed data.

  • The dichotomized interpretation of CIs (i.e., statistically or not statistically significant) allows for accepting or rejecting the null hypothesis without questioning the effect size or uncertainty around effect estimates.

  • Decision-making should not be made considering only the dichotomized interpretation of CIs. Instead, a more in-depth interpretation of the effect size and the CI values, width (i.e., precision) and practical implications of such values is recommended.

  • Training and education may enhance knowledge and skills related to estimating, understanding and interpreting CIs, reducing the barriers for their use under either frequentist or Bayesian approaches.

Disponível online o 12 Janeiro 2019
Explaining pain following cancer: a practical guide for clinicians
Jo Nijs, Amarins J. Wijma, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Ward Willaert, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, C. Paul van Wilgen
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.003

  • Explaining pain to patients who survived cancer should be individually tailored.

  • Take the patient's pain beliefs, cognitions, pain memories, social factors and dominant pain mechanism into account.

  • Explaining pain implies teaching patients about the underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms of pain.

  • Pain neuroscience education is a potential solution to improve pain outcome in cancer survivors, but should never be a stand-alone treatment.

  • Pain neuroscience education should precede interventions such as graded activity, exercise therapy, stress management, sleep management and dietary advice.

Disponível online o 1 Janeiro 2019
Walking speed best explains perceived locomotion ability in ambulatory people with chronic stroke, assessed by the ABILOCO questionnaire
Patrick R. Avelino, Kênia K.P. Menezes, Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Iza Faria-Fortini, Christina Danielle Coelho de Morais Faria, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.005

  • Impairment and activity measures were significantly correlated with ability of locomotion.

  • Walking speed explained 35% of the variance in the ABILOCO scores.

  • Locomotion ability may increase if attention is focused on increasing walking speed.

Disponível online o 29 Dezembro 2018
Clinical and scientific recommendations for the use of photobiomodulation therapy in exercise performance enhancement and post-exercise recovery: current evidence and future directions
Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins, Jan Magnus Bjordal
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.002

  • PBMT has a clear dose therapeutic window for exercise performance enhancement and post-exercise recovery.

  • Future RCTs must follow the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines, and use of the TIDeR checklist.

  • Future guidelines must be based only at the highest scientific evidence, avoiding overstatements and extrapolations based on animal experiments and case-studies.

Disponível online o 25 Dezembro 2018
Complexity of knee extensor torque in patients with frailty syndrome: a cross-sectional study
Bianca Ferdin Carnavale, Elie Fiogbé, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Aparecida Maria Catai, Alberto Porta, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.004

  • Knee extensor torque complexity is reduced in the presence of frailty syndrome.

  • Frail participants showed a reduction in body mass, peak knee extensor torque and decreased physical performance.

  • The relationship between complexity and force levels was similar in all groups.

Disponível online o 24 Dezembro 2018
Interventions used for Rehabilitation and Prevention of Patellar Tendinopathy in athletes: a survey of Brazilian Sports Physical Therapists
Luciana De Michelis Mendonça, Natália Franco Netto Bittencourt, Laís Emanuelle Meira Alves, Renan Alves Resende, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.001

  • Education, joint stabilization, and myofascial release were most used for patellar tendinopathy rehabilitation.

  • Quadriceps eccentrics, education, joint stabilization and lumbo-pelvic stabilization and hamstrings stretching were frequently used for patellar tendinopathy prevention.

  • Brazilian physical therapists consider pain, function and functional test results to discharge an athlete.

  • Our results revealed an inconsistency between interventions used in clinical practice and interventions recommended by the best available evidence.

Disponível online o 21 Dezembro 2018
Impact of exercise during pregnancy on gestational weight gain and birth weight: an overview
Marina Vargas-Terrones, Taniya S. Nagpal, Ruben Barakat
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.012

  • Exercise prevents factors that contribute to inadequate birth weight.

  • Maternal exercise prevents EGWG, GDM and obesity related complications.

  • Adequate birth weight reduces risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes.

  • Exercise interventions do not increase the risk of SGA infant.

  • Healthy pregnant women should exercise within the recommended guidelines.

Disponível online o 5 Dezembro 2018
Hip muscle weakness and reduced joint range of motion in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: a case-control study
Viviane Bortoluzzi Frasson, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Anete Beling Morales, Anna Torresan, Marco Aurélio Telöken, Paulo David Fortis Gusmão, Marcus Vinicius Crestani, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.010

  • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome patients had losses in hip muscle strength.

  • Flexion and rotation movements are reduced in FAI syndrome patients.

  • Reduced hip strength and motion should be considered during rehabilitation programs.

Disponível online o 1 Dezembro 2018
Exercise for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: an evidence-based guide to the optimal prescription
Robin M. Daly, Jack Dalla Via, Rachel L. Duckham, Steve F. Fraser, Eva Wulff Helge
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.011
Disponível online o 29 Novembro 2018
Exploring the pre-morbid contexts in which central sensitisation developed in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain. A qualitative study
Jacqui R. Clark, Peter C. Goodwin, Gillian Yeowell
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.012

  • Pre-morbid contexts may relate to the onset of central sensitisation in chronic low back pain.

  • Themes of developmental learning experiences and personal characteristics emerged.

  • Themes of physical and emotional sensitivities and traumas also emerged.

  • These four themes may be linked with autonomic stress responses and central sensitisation pain.

Disponível online o 29 Novembro 2018
Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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