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Journal Information
Issue
Vol. 23. Issue 5.
Pages 365-458 (01 September 2019)
Editorial
Spin of results in scientific articles might kill you
Dafne Port Nascimento, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:365-6
Masterclass
Explaining pain following cancer: a practical guide for clinicians
Jo Nijs, Amarins J. Wijma, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Ward Willaert, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, C. Paul van Wilgen
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:367-77

  • Explaining pain to patients who survived cancer should be individually tailored.

  • Take the patient's pain beliefs, cognitions, pain memories, social factors and dominant pain mechanism into account.

  • Explaining pain implies teaching patients about the underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms of pain.

  • Pain neuroscience education is a potential solution to improve pain outcome in cancer survivors, but should never be a stand-alone treatment.

  • Pain neuroscience education should precede interventions such as graded activity, exercise therapy, stress management, sleep management and dietary advice.

Systematic review
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation to improve gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis
Ana Paula Salazar, Aline Souza Pagnussat, Gabriela Alves Pereira, Gabriela Scopel, Janice Luisa Lukrafka
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:378-86

  • NMES might be used as adjuvant therapy to improve sitting and standing GMFM dimensions.

  • NMES is not better than PT alone to improve GMFM walking dimension.

  • Further research is still necessary to determine the precise effects of NMES on GMFM.

Original research
Reduced flexion rotation test in women with chronic and episodic migraine
Ana Izabela S. Oliveira-Souza, Lidiane L. Florencio, Gabriela F. Carvalho, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Fabiola Dach, Debora Bevilaqua-Grossi
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:387-94

  • C1/C2 hypomobility is an important finding in women with migraine and is related to migraine chronicity.

  • Mobility of the C1/C2 segment is influenced by neck pain related-disability.

  • Chronic migraine patients have a reduced global cervical range of motion.

Evidence-Based Practice: a survey of Brazilian physical therapists from the dermatology subdiscipline
Renato Claudino, Naudimar de Pietro Simoes, Tatiane da Silva
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:395-401

  • Physical therapists from dermatology report having knowledge to be able to implement EBP.

  • Physical therapists from dermatology believe having skills to be able to implement EBP.

  • There were inconsistencies on some answers about knowledge and skills related to EBP.

Associations between type and severity of hip pathology with pre-operative patient reported outcome measures
Matthew D. Freke, Kay M. Crossley, Trevor Russell, Kevin J. Sims, Adam Semciw
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:402-11

  • Associations between type and severity of hip pathology with pre-operative patient reported outcome measures were investigated.

  • High prevalence of labral pathology and acetabular chondropathy were observed.

  • Severe femoral head chondropathy and large labral tears are often undetected with imaging.

  • Severe chondropathies are most associated with PROs; however only explain 22% of the variability.

Walking speed best explains perceived locomotion ability in ambulatory people with chronic stroke, assessed by the ABILOCO questionnaire
Patrick R. Avelino, Kênia K.P. Menezes, Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Iza Faria-Fortini, Christina Danielle Coelho de Morais Faria, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:412-8

  • Impairment and activity measures were significantly correlated with ability of locomotion.

  • Walking speed explained 35% of the variance in the ABILOCO scores.

  • Locomotion ability may increase if attention is focused on increasing walking speed.

Examination procedures and interventions for the hip in the management of low back pain: a survey of physical therapists
Scott A. Burns, Joshua A. Cleland, Darren A. Rivett, Suzanne J. Snodgrass
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:419-27

  • Physical therapists routinely examine strength, range of motion and muscle flexibility of the hip(s) for individuals with low back pain.

  • Physical therapists often provide strengthening and flexibility interventions targeting the hips for individuals with low back pain.

  • Post-professional fellowship training as a physical therapist changed intervention selection to include more joint manual therapy and less muscle flexibility and modality usage.

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation training improves pain-related and balance outcomes in working-age patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Vitsarut Buttagat
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:428-36

  • PNF training statistically improves pain intensity, disability and static balance of working-age CLBP people.

  • Magnitudes of difference of outcomes between PNF training and general trunk exercises did not reach clinical important changes.

  • The therapist should take into account to use these interventions in rehabilitation programme for CLBP patients.

The interrater reliability of a pain mechanisms-based classification for patients with nonspecific neck pain
Vincent Dewitte, Robby De Pauw, Lieven Danneels, Katie Bouche, Arne Roets, Barbara Cagnie
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:437-47

  • Nonspecific neck pain patients can be classified based on pain mechanisms.

  • The proposed classification strategy has clinically acceptable interrater reliability.

  • The classification holds the potential to guide physical therapy interventions.

  • Validity testing is the necessary next step to justify this approach for clinical use.

Description of low back pain clinical trials in physical therapy: a cross sectional study
Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Amanda Costa Araujo, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:448-57

  • Low back pain trials are published in a variety of healthcare journals.

  • The methodological quality of low back pain trials is moderate.

  • 55.5% of low back pain trials endorsed the CONSORT statement recommendations.

  • Reporting guidelines should be strictly followed.

Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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