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Journal Information
Issue
Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 277-364 (01 July 2019)
Contents
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:iii
Editorial
Showing confidence (intervals)
Steven J. Kamper
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:277-8
Systematic review
Can high-intensity interval training change cardiac autonomic control? A systematic review
Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Rodrigo Polaquini Simões, Aparecida Maria Catai
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:279-89

  • HIIT can benefits the HRV, especially in healthy and MetS subjects.

  • The HIIT can be used in cardiovascular rehabilitation and prevention.

  • Future randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness of HIIT.

Masterclass
Understanding and interpreting confidence and credible intervals around effect estimates
Luiz Hespanhol, Caio Sain Vallio, Lucíola Menezes Costa, Bruno T Saragiotto
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:290-301

  • Confidence intervals (CI) measure the uncertainty around effect estimates.

  • Frequentist 95% CI: we can be 95% confident that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Bayesian 95% CI: there is a 95% probability that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Decision-making should not be made considering only the dichotomized interpretation of CIs.

  • Training and education may enhance knowledge related to understanding and interpreting CIs.

Original research
Use of 95% confidence intervals in the reporting of between-group differences in randomized controlled trials: analysis of a representative sample of 200 physical therapy trials
Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Mark R. Elkins, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Anne M. Moseley
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:302-10

  • Less than one-third of physical therapy trials reported confidence intervals.

  • The prevalence observed is lower than equivalent analyses in other disciplines.

  • Analysis showed consistent increases in the proportion of trials that used confidence intervals with time.

Prevalence of dyspnea after stroke: a telephone-based survey
Kênia K.P. Menezes, Lucas R. Nascimento, Maria Tereza M. Alvarenga, Patrick R. Avelino, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:311-6

  • The prevalence of dyspnea after a stroke was 44%.

  • Dyspnea is associated with activity limitations and restrictions in community participation after a stroke.

  • Stroke survivors, who had dyspnea, were six times more likely to report activity limitations and two times more likely to report restrictions in social participation.

Role of physical therapists in the weaning and extubation procedures of pediatric and neonatal intensive care units: a survey
Suzi Laine Longo dos Santos Bacci, Janser Moura Pereira, Amanda Cristina da Silva Chagas, Lais Ribeiro Carvalho, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:317-23

  • ICUs using MV weaning protocols frequently had physical therapists perform the procedure.

  • When physical therapists decided on extubation, they were specifically assigned to the ICU.

  • Physical therapists being available 24h/day were associated with successful on the first attempt at extubation.

Trunk asymmetry is associated with dominance preference: results from a cross-sectional study of 1029 children
Chiara Arienti, Riccardo Buraschi, Sabrina Donzelli, Fabio Zaina, Joel Pollet, Stefano Negrini
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:324-8

  • Left side dominance has a prevalence for trunk asymmetry.

  • Embryology factors could justify the development of left-right side dominance.

  • It is unclear how neuro-abnormality is common in trunk asymmetry with left convexity.

Knee crepitus is not associated with the occurrence of total knee replacement in knee osteoarthritis – a longitudinal study with data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative
Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo, Evangelos Pappas
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:329-36

  • Crepitus is not associated with higher odds of having total knee replacement.

  • Crepitus is associated with decreased quadriceps strength in patients with KOA.

  • Crepitus does not affect physical function and quality of life of patients with KOA.

Interprofessional education for health science students’ attitudes and readiness to work interprofessionally: a prospective cohort study
Young Joo Kim, Jennifer C. Radloff, C. Kim Stokes, Christine R. Lysaght
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:337-45

  • Designing an effective single interprofessional session is possible.

  • A single interprofessional session improves interprofessional attitude of students.

  • A single interprofessional session improves readiness for working with the elderly.

Is forward head posture relevant to cervical muscles performance and neck pain? A case–control study
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:346-54

  • Forward head posture is not associated with muscular performance in either groups.

  • Forward head posture does not explain pain and disability in CNP patients.

  • The muscle size–endurance relationship is affected in CNP.

  • Deep cervical muscles are selectively affected in the presence of CNP.

Clinical trial protocol
Dry needling in addition to standard physical therapy treatment for sub-acromial pain syndrome: a randomized controlled trial protocol
Ben R. Hando, Daniel I. Rhon, Joshua A. Cleland, Suzanne J. Snodgrass
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:355-63

  • Few studies have assessed long term effects of TPDN for individuals with SAPS.

  • This study assesses the value of adding TPDN to routine treatments for SAPS.

  • This study assesses the effect of TPDN on subsequent healthcare utilization.

  • Results from this work could inform clinical management of SAPS.

Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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