Journal Information
Vol. 23. Issue 3.
Pages 187-276 (01 May 2019)
Let's make pediatric physical therapy a true evidence-based field! Can we count on you?
Egmar Longo, Ana Carolina de Campos, Robert J. Palisano
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:187-8
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Tackling low back pain in Brazil: a wake-up call
Giovanni Ferreira, Luciola Menezes Costa, Airton Stein, Jan Hartvigsen, Rachelle Buchbinder, Chris G. Maher
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:189-95

  • Low back pain is the leading cause of years lived with disability in Brazil.

  • Brazil has adopted unwarranted practices in the management of low back pain.

  • Brazil faces a significant challenge with overuse of medical services for LBP.

  • Tackling low back pain will require engagement of all relevant stakeholders.

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Systematic review
Current evidence does not support whole body vibration in clinical practice in children and adolescents with disabilities: a systematic review of randomized controlled trial
Hércules Ribeiro Leite, Ana Cristina Resende Camargos, Vanessa Amaral Mendonça, Ana Cristina Rodrigues Lacerda, Bruno Alvarenga Soares, Vinicius Cunha Oliveira
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:196-211

  • WBV alone showed limited evidence compared to minimal intervention.

  • Additional effect of WBV seems to decrease deficiencies and activity limitations.

  • New expensive interventions need to be followed by scientific evidence.

  • Very-low to low quality of evidence suggests caution in recommending WBV.

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Original research
Identification of relevant categories for inpatient physical therapy care using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: a Brazilian survey
Luciana Narciso Paschoal, Patrícia Nery De Souza, Cassia Maria Buchalla, Christina May Moran De Brito, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:212-20

  • Therapists in the hospital should assess functioning to develop the rehabilitation plan.

  • The use of the ICF contributes to a standardized documentation and communication.

  • The relevant ICF categories for inpatient physical therapy care are identified.

  • The use of the selected categories enables the practical application of the ICF.

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Knee extensor muscles strength indicates global lower-limb strength in individuals who have suffered a stroke: A cross-sectional study
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Camila Lima Gervásio Mendes, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:221-7

  • Knee extensor muscle strength indicates global lower-limb strength following a stroke.

  • The use of a single measure of muscle strength can reduce assessment burden.

  • MST statistical analyses’ results are similar to those seen when using a dynamometer.

  • MST can be used to assess lower-limb strength post-stroke.

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Concurrent validity of handheld dynamometer measurements for scapular protraction strength
Ricardo Marcos Liberatori Junior, Walter Ansanello Netto, Gabriela Ferreira Carvalho, Gisele Garcia Zanca, Salomão Chade Assan Zatiti, Stela Marcia Mattiello
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:228-35

  • Handheld dynamometer may be considered valid for scapular protraction strength test.

  • The best correlation with the gold standard occurs with subjects tested seated.

  • Handheld dynamometer tends to overestimate the peak force.

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Validity of the accelerometer and smartphone application in estimating energy expenditure in individuals with chronic stroke
Giselle S. Faria, Janaine C. Polese, Giane A. Ribeiro-Samora, Aline A. Scianni, Christina D.C.M. Faria, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:236-43

  • The GT3X®ActiGraph accelerometer does not provide valid measures of energy expenditure in individuals with chronic stroke.

  • The Google Fit® smartphone application does not provide valid measures of energy expenditure in individuals with chronic stroke.

  • Objective measures of energy expenditure of stroke individuals are necessary.

  • Physical activity monitors should be created based upon group-specific equations.

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Effect of pulsed electromagnetic field on nonspecific low back pain patients: a randomized controlled trial
Ahmed Mohamed Elshiwi, Hamada Ahmed Hamada, Dalia Mosaad, Ibrahim Mohammed A. Ragab, Ghada Mohamed Koura, Saud Mashi Alrawaili
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:244-9

  • Magnetic therapy as a novel alternative treatment is suitable for managing LBP. Its advantage over the standard pharmacological intervention is due to fewer side effects.

  • Previous studies reflect that there is still a gap in selecting the optimum parameters of pulsed electromagnetic field for treating acute and chronic nonspecific LBP. Many studies used high intensity and frequency of the PEMF, while others applied low parameters of the PEMF. While this study used 50Hz frequency, with low intensity of 20Gauss.

  • The dose of with 50Hz and 20Gauss seems to be useful.

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Translation of the short version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale into Brazilian Portuguese: cross-cultural adaptation and testing of measurement properties
Fabiana Foltran Mescollotto, Ester Moreira de Castro, Elisa Bizetti Pelai, Adriana Pertille, Delaine Rodrigues Bigaton
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:250-6

  • Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version [SAS-SV] is now adapted into Brazilian Portuguese.

  • The Brazilian version of SAS-SV has good reliability and construct validity.

  • It is now possible to measure addition of smartphone use in Brazil.

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Is occupational or leisure physical activity associated with low back pain? Insights from a cross-sectional study of 1059 participants
Anita B. Amorim, Milena Simic, Evangelos Pappas, Joshua R. Zadro, Eduvigis Carrillo, Juan R. Ordoñana, Paulo H. Ferreira
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:257-65

  • Physical activity is recommended in clinical guidelines for chronic low back pain.

  • Guidelines are silent in regards to which types of physical activity.

  • Leisure physical activity appears to be protective to low back pain.

  • Occupational physical activity appears to be harmful to low back pain.

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Can muscle weakness and disability influence the relationship between pain catastrophizing and pain worsening in patients with knee osteoarthritis? A cross-sectional study
Ryo Tanaka, Kenta Hirohama, Junya Ozawa
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:266-72

  • We studied the likely mediator between pain catastrophizing and pain worsening.

  • This relationship was mediated by disability and muscle weakness.

  • Cognitive intervention for disability and muscle strengthening may be effective for relieving pain.

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Letter to the editors
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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