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Journal Information
Vol. 23. Issue 1.
Pages 1-76 (01 January 2019)
Second opinion programs in spine surgeries: an attempt to reduce unnecessary care for low back pain patients
Isadora Orlando de Oliveira, Mario Lenza, Rodrigo Antunes de Vasconcelos, Eliane Antonioli, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Mário Ferretti
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:1-2
Systematic review
The effectiveness of dry needling for patients with orofacial pain associated with temporomandibular dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Clécio Vier, Marina Barbosa de Almeida, Marcos Lisboa Neves, Adair Roberto Soares dos Santos, Marcelo Anderson Bracht
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:3-11

  • Dry needling (DN) is commonly used for Orofacial pain treatment.

  • DN is better than other interventions for pain in the short-term.

  • DN is better than sham therapy on pressure pain threshold in the short-term.

  • Due to the very low quality of evidence and the small effect size, caution is needed.

  • Randomized controlled trials of high methodological quality are needed.

Original research
Association between quality of life, severity of asthma, sleep disorders and exercise capacity in children with asthma: a cross-sectional study
Priscilla Rique Furtado, Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel, Renata Ramos Tomaz Barbosa, Ana Aline Marcelino da Silva, Diana Amélia de Freitas, Karla Morganna Pereira Pinto de Mendonça
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:12-8

  • Better QoL of children with asthma is associated with a lower asthma severity.

  • Better QoL is associated with a good sleep quality.

  • Better QoL of children with asthma associated with a lower dyspnea after exercise.

A predictive model of isolated and recurrent falls in functionally independent community-dwelling older adults
Pilar Pérez-Ros, Francisco M. Martínez-Arnau, Rafael M. Orti-Lucas, Francisco J. Tarazona-Santabalbina
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:19-26

  • Functionally independent older adults have risk of falling.

  • Isolated and recurrent fallers have different fall risk factors.

  • Alpha-blocker use is a predictor of isolated falls.

  • Fractures, increased BMI and benzodiazepine and beta-blocker use are predictors of recurrent fallers.

Damaged cardiovascular autonomic control in wheelchair-using children and adolescents with myelomeningocele: a case–control study
Marisa Maia Leonardi-Figueiredo, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, Emanuela Juvenal Martins, Monalisa Squiaveto, Ana Claudia Mattiello-Sverzut
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:27-32

  • Children and adolescents with myelomeningocele showed higher heart rate at rest.

  • Children and adolescents with myelomeningocele did not show differences in HR and BP variability.

  • Children and adolescents with myelomeningocele showed lower baroreflex sensitivity.

Physical therapists’ perceptions about patients with incomplete post-traumatic paraplegia adherence to recommended home exercises: a qualitative study
Ismini Serpanou, Evanthia Sakellari, Maria Psychogiou, Sofia Zyga, Despina Sapountzi-Krepia
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:33-40

  • Obstacles during rehabilitation need to be faced in order to promote adherence.

  • Financial crisis has an impact in adherence to recommended home exercises.

  • Communication, individual's needs, capacities, and resources are essential for adherence.

Mechanical properties, safety and resistance values of Lemgruber® elastic tubing
Fabiano Francisco de Lima, Carlos Augusto Camillo, Elton Aparecido Prado dos Reis, Aldo Eloizo Job, Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva, Marko Topalovic, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:41-7

  • Lemgruber® elastic tubes (LET) can be safely stretched up to 8 times in length.

  • Resistance from individual tubes varies from 3N to 537N depending on elongation.

  • Reference equations for resistance and elongation are provided.

  • Results offer increased knowledge of LET for its use in clinical practice.

Dose–response effects of years of self-reported physical activity on old females’ motor and cognitive function
Juliana Bayeux Dascal, Lianne Maria Jantien Sanders, Edson Gonsales da Cruz Filho, Tibor Hortobágyi
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:48-55

  • Different types of physical activity are strongly associated with motor and cognitive improvements.

  • There is a dose–response relationship between physical activity and physiological improvements.

  • An average of 6.2 years of physical activity had favorable effects on motor functions.

  • An active lifestyle in adulthood is likely to prevent aging-related motor and cognitive decline.

Steps, duration and intensity of usual walking practice during subacute rehabilitation after stroke: an observational study
Suzanne S. Kuys, Louise Ada, Jennifer Paratz, Sandra G. Brauer
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:56-61

  • Stroke survivors spend approximately 20% of physical therapy time actively walking.

  • Those able to walk without assistance take more steps for longer at a higher intensity.

  • Increased walking practice intensity is needed to drive motor learning.

Clinical trial protocol
The added value of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia to current best evidence physical therapy for chronic spinal pain: protocol of a randomized controlled clinical trial
Anneleen Malfliet, Thomas Bilterys, Eveline Van Looveren, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels, Kelly Ickmans, Barbara Cagnie, Olivier Mairesse, Daniel Neu, Maarten Moens, Dorien Goubert, Steven J. Kamper, Jo Nijs
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:62-70

  • There is a close interaction between insomnia and pain severity/disability.

  • CBT-I can improve sleep and pain interference in chronic spinal pain.

  • Clinical implication 1: combined approach may improve pain, sleep and function.

  • Clinical implication 2: may lead to new treatment guidelines for professionals.

Clinical and scientific recommendations for the use of photobiomodulation therapy in exercise performance enhancement and post-exercise recovery: current evidence and future directions
Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins, Jan Magnus Bjordal
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:71-5

  • PBMT has a clear dose therapeutic window for exercise performance enhancement and post-exercise recovery.

  • Future RCTs must follow the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines, and use of the TIDeR checklist.

  • Future guidelines must be based only at the highest scientific evidence, avoiding overstatements and extrapolations based on animal experiments and case-studies.

Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:I-II
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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