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Journal Information
Vol. 22. Issue 1.
Pages 1-94 (01 January 2018)
Chronification of low back pain: getting to the spine of the problem
Skulpan Asavasopon
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:1-6
Systematic review
Postural disorders in mouth breathing children: a systematic review
Patricia Dayrell Neiva, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Polyana Leite Mendes, Karl Zabjek, Helena Gonçalves Becker, Sunita Mathur
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:7-19

  • The association of mouth-breathing and postural changes in children is unclear.

  • The terminology and bone landmarks used to evaluate posture are poorly described.

  • There is lack of reference values describing postural measurements.

  • The reliability and validity of the methods used are unclear.

  • The association of mouth-breathing and postural deviations in children is low.

The influence of dosing on effect size of exercise therapy for musculoskeletal foot and ankle disorders: a systematic review
Jodi L. Young, Daniel I. Rhon, Rutger M.J. de Zoete, Joshua A. Cleland, Suzanne J. Snodgrass
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:20-32

  • Two visits over one week is related to medium effects in function for heel pain.

  • In achilles tendinopathy, a trend was seen between sets and repetitions.

  • Further research is required to validate these findings.

Original research
Reference values and reliability for lumbopelvic strength and endurance in asymptomatic subjects
Isadora O. de Oliveira, Bruna Pilz, Roberto L.G. Santos, Rodrigo A. Vasconcelos, Wilson Mello, Débora B. Grossi
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:33-41

  • The set of tests presented good reliability for the lumbopelvic region.

  • Reference values may contribute for clinical practice assessments.

  • SEM, TEM and MDC values confirm the set of tests’ usage in clinical practice.

Mechanisms contributing to gait speed and metabolic cost in children with unilateral cerebral palsy
Tatiana Pessoa Silva Pinto, Sérgio Teixeira Fonseca, Rejane Vale Gonçalves, Thales Rezende Souza, Daniela Virgínia Vaz, Paula Lanna Pereira Silva, Marisa Cotta Mancini
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:42-8

  • Gait speed in unilateral CP is explained by energy-conserving mechanisms.

  • Co-contraction contributes to gait speed in CP, but increases gait metabolic cost.

  • Intervention should target the non-affected limb and lower limb eccentric training.

Analysis of different anthropometric indicators in the detection of high blood pressure in school adolescents: a cross-sectional study with 8295 adolescents
Diego G.D. Christofaro, Breno Q. Farah, Luiz Carlos M. Vanderlei, Leandro D. Delfino, William R. Tebar, Mauro Virgílio G. de Barros, Raphael M. Ritti-Dias
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:49-54

  • Overweight adolescents classified in any of three anthropometric indices have more HBP.

  • The sensitivity of the indicators was low and the specificity was high in detecting HBP.

  • Parents must be aware that high BMI, WC or WTHR are highly associated with HBP.

The Brazilian Back Complaints in the Elders (Brazilian BACE) study: characteristics of Brazilian older adults with a new episode of low back pain
Fabianna Resende De Jesus-Moraleida, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Manuela Loureiro Ferreira, Juscelio Pereira Da Silva, Marcella Guimarães Assis, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:55-63

  • Brazilian older adults with low back pain presented severe and disabling low back pain and pain is accompanied by relevant psychological distress.

  • Participants aged 55–64 years old reported more disabling low back pain when considering levels of perceived physical health, trunk mobility and fall-related self-efficacy compared to those aged 65 years and older.

  • Participants with lower socioeconomic status were more disabled and reported more pain catastrophizing scale when compared to those with higher socioeconomic status.

Strategies adopted by younger and older adults while operating a non-pedal tricycle
Tatiane Calve, Douglas Vicente Russo Júnior, Ana Maria Forti Barela
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:64-9

  • Older and younger adults move similarly using the non-pedal tricycle.

  • Non-pedal tricycles should be taken into consideration in exercise protocols.

  • Long-term impact of non-pedal tricycles on gait and mobility should be investigated in future studies.

Development of postural control and maturation of sensory systems in children of different ages a cross-sectional study
Cristina dos Santos Cardoso de Sá, Catarina Costa Boffino, Renato Teodoro Ramos, Clarice Tanaka
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:70-6

  • This study has promotes a better understanding on the evolution of stability, functional maturation of sensorial integration and postural adjustments in children.

  • This study has combined biomechanical and motor control concepts, discussing the parameters separately stability and postural adjustments.

  • This study indicated Postural stability and adjustments were associated with age and were influenced by sensory manipulation and seven-year-olds seem to go through a period of differentiated singularity in postural control.

Androgenic-anabolic steroids inhibited post-exercise hypotension: a case control study
Jefferson F.C.R. Junior, Alexandre S. Silva, Glêbia A. Cardoso, Valmir O. Silvino, Maria C.C. Martins, Marcos A.P. Santos
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:77-81

  • Post-exercise hypotension did not occur in anabolic steroid users.

  • The rehabilitation of hypertension is blunted by anabolic steroids.

  • Damage caused by anabolic steroids should be reported in educational programs.

Effectiveness of graded activity versus physiotherapy in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: midterm follow up results of a randomized controlled trial
Maurício Oliveira Magalhães, Josielli Comachio, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Evangelos Pappas, Amélia Pasqual Marques
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:82-91

  • Graded activity and physiotherapy have similar effects in terms of reducing pain and disability.

  • Healthcare professionals may identify inadequate beliefs in patients with low back pain.

  • It is important to stimulate patients with LBP return to work.

Acknowledgement to Reviewers
Braz J Phys Ther 2018;22:92-3
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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