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Hydrotherapy improves pain and function in older women with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial
João Marcos Dias, Lígia Cisneros, Rosângela Dias, Carolina Fritsch, Wellington Gomes, Leani Pereira, Mary Luci Santos, Paulo Henrique Ferreira
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:449-56

  • Elderly women with knee osteoarthritis are at risk of developing limitations physical.

  • Hidrotherapy improves pain, function, muscle power and strength in older women with knee osteoarthritis.

  • Hydrotherapy is likely to be an effective treatment option for these patients.

Does home-based pulmonary rehabilitation improve functional capacity, peripheral muscle strength and quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis compared to standard care?
Anderson José, Anne E. Holland, Cristiane S. de Oliveira, Jessyca P.R. Selman, Rejane A.S. de Castro, Rodrigo A. Athanazio, Samia Z. Rached, Alberto Cukier, Rafael Stelmach, Simone Dal Corso
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:473-80

  • Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation (HBPR) has been used in several chronic pulmonary obstructive diseases.

  • HBPR has never been investigated in patients with bronchiectasis.

  • Short- and long-term effects of HBPR will be investigated in this population.

  • The study will provide evidence to guide recommendations about HBPR for bronchiectasis.

RCVibro System: full description of a custom-made vibratory system and its reliability
Marcelo Pinto Pereira, Paulo Henrique Silva Pelicioni, Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:440-8

  • The structure, functionality and reliability of a custom-made vibratory system were fully described.

  • This custom-made vibratory system (RCVibro System) is highly reliable.

  • RCVibro System can be useful in clinical and research basis.

Effects of positive expiratory pressure on chest wall volumes in subjects with stroke compared to healthy controls: a case–control study
Elis E.A. Cabral, Vanessa R. Resqueti, Illia N.D.F. Lima, Lucien P. Gualdi, Andrea Aliverti, Guilherme A.F. Fregonezi
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:416-24

  • The PEP device at 10cmH2O may be a potential home treatment for stroke group.

  • The intensities above 10cmH2O may lead to lung hyperinflation in stroke group.

  • Stroke group reduced shortening velocity index for expiratory muscles during use PEP.

Diagnosis and treatment of movement system impairment syndromes
Shirley Sahrmann, Daniel C. Azevedo, Linda Van Dillen
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:391-9

  • Impaired movements and alignments may be associated with musculoskeletal conditions.

  • Signs of impaired alignments and movements may be seen before there are symptoms.

  • Treatment is based on using the findings of making the MSI diagnosis to correct the performance of daily activities.

Knee extension and flexion strength asymmetry in Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive subjects: a cross-sectional study
Vitor H.F. Oliveira, Susana L. Wiechmann, Argéria M.S. Narciso, Rafael Deminice
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:434-9

  • HIV-positive subjects present higher strength indices for the dominant versus the non-dominant leg.

  • Strength asymmetry between limbs was observed in up to 58% of subjects.

  • Lower-limb strength asymmetry is associated with impaired balance and gait.

Muscle strength can better differentiate between gradations of functional performance than muscle quality in healthy 50–70y women
Peter Francis, William McCormack, Clodagh Toomey, Mark Lyons, Philip Jakeman
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:457-64

  • Muscle strength is a better predictor of functional performance than muscle quality.

  • Extended gait speed is a functionally relevant measure in healthy 50–70y women.

  • Healthy adults need functional assessments that allow performance toward maximum.

Functional disability in patients with low back pain: the mediator role of suffering and beliefs about pain control in patients receiving physical and chiropractic treatment
M. Graça Pereira, Edite Roios, Marta Pereira
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:465-72

  • Subjective suffering mediated the relationship between depression and functional disability regardless of the type of treatment.

  • Beliefs about chance events mediated the relationship between depression and functional disability only in the physical therapy treatment.

  • Intervention should target cognitive and psychological factors in LBP patients.

Effectiveness of resistance exercise compared to aerobic exercise without insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis
Cybelle Nery, Silvia Regina Arruda De Moraes, Karyne Albino Novaes, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Patrícia Verçoza De Castro Silveira, Andrea Lemos
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:400-15

  • Resistance exercise (>12 weeks) appears to increase in VO2max in diabetic patients.

  • Resistance exercise didn’t decrease the glycemic level compared to aerobic exercises.

  • The lipid profile of DM patients was the same in both types of exercise.

Effect of high-intensity home-based respiratory muscle training on strength of respiratory muscles following a stroke: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Kênia Kiefer Parreiras De Menezes, Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Janaine Cunha Polese, Louise Ada, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela
Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21:372-7

  • High-intensity respiratory muscle training may improve neurological rehabilitation.

  • Gains in respiratory muscle strength are expected to be clinically meaningful.

  • If benefits are carried over to activity, community participation may be enhanced.

  • If benefits include reduction in hospital admissions, treatment costs may be reduced.

Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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