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1651
Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles: part 1: serratus anterior
Donald A. Neumann, Paula R. Camargo
1651

  • The serratus anterior (SA) is associated with shoulder painful conditions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the SA.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that specifically target the activation of the SA.

  • This paper can help clinicians develop exercises that specifically challenge the SA.

Available online 6 February 2019
1192
Is forward head posture relevant to cervical muscles performance and neck pain? A case–control study
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:346-54
1192

  • Forward head posture is not associated with muscular performance in either groups.

  • Forward head posture does not explain pain and disability in CNP patients.

  • The muscle size–endurance relationship is affected in CNP.

  • Deep cervical muscles are selectively affected in the presence of CNP.

1049
Can high-intensity interval training change cardiac autonomic control? A systematic review
Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Rodrigo Polaquini Simões, Aparecida Maria Catai
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:279-89
1049

  • HIIT can benefits the HRV, especially in healthy and MetS subjects.

  • The HIIT can be used in cardiovascular rehabilitation and prevention.

  • Future randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness of HIIT.

962
Is occupational or leisure physical activity associated with low back pain? Insights from a cross-sectional study of 1059 participants
Anita B. Amorim, Milena Simic, Evangelos Pappas, Joshua R. Zadro, Eduvigis Carrillo, Juan R. Ordoñana, Paulo H. Ferreira
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:257-65
962

  • Physical activity is recommended in clinical guidelines for chronic low back pain.

  • Guidelines are silent in regards to which types of physical activity.

  • Leisure physical activity appears to be protective to low back pain.

  • Occupational physical activity appears to be harmful to low back pain.

958
Knee extensor muscles strength indicates global lower-limb strength in individuals who have suffered a stroke: A cross-sectional study
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Camila Lima Gervásio Mendes, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:221-7
958

  • Knee extensor muscle strength indicates global lower-limb strength following a stroke.

  • The use of a single measure of muscle strength can reduce assessment burden.

  • MST statistical analyses’ results are similar to those seen when using a dynamometer.

  • MST can be used to assess lower-limb strength post-stroke.

930
Understanding and interpreting confidence and credible intervals around effect estimates
Luiz Hespanhol, Caio Sain Vallio, Lucíola Menezes Costa, Bruno T Saragiotto
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:290-301
930

  • Confidence intervals (CI) measure the uncertainty around effect estimates.

  • Frequentist 95% CI: we can be 95% confident that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Bayesian 95% CI: there is a 95% probability that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Decision-making should not be made considering only the dichotomized interpretation of CIs.

  • Training and education may enhance knowledge related to understanding and interpreting CIs.

905
Tackling low back pain in Brazil: a wake-up call
Giovanni Ferreira, Luciola Menezes Costa, Airton Stein, Jan Hartvigsen, Rachelle Buchbinder, Chris G. Maher
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:189-95
905

  • Low back pain is the leading cause of years lived with disability in Brazil.

  • Brazil has adopted unwarranted practices in the management of low back pain.

  • Brazil faces a significant challenge with overuse of medical services for LBP.

  • Tackling low back pain will require engagement of all relevant stakeholders.

872
Description of low back pain clinical trials in physical therapy: a cross sectional study
Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Amanda Costa Araujo, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
872

  • Low back pain trials are published in a variety of healthcare journals.

  • The methodological quality of low back pain trials is moderate.

  • 55.5% of low back pain trials endorsed the CONSORT statement recommendations.

  • Reporting guidelines should be strictly followed.

Available online 1 October 2018
856
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation training improves pain-related and balance outcomes in working-age patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Vitsarut Buttagat
856

  • PNF training statistically improves pain intensity, disability and static balance of working-age CLBP people.

  • Magnitudes of difference of outcomes between PNF training and general trunk exercises did not reach clinical important changes.

  • The therapist should take into account to use these interventions in rehabilitation programme for CLBP patients.

Available online 23 October 2018
845
Translation of the short version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale into Brazilian Portuguese: cross-cultural adaptation and testing of measurement properties
Fabiana Foltran Mescollotto, Ester Moreira de Castro, Elisa Bizetti Pelai, Adriana Pertille, Delaine Rodrigues Bigaton
Braz J Phys Ther.2019;23:250-6
845

  • Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version [SAS-SV] is now adapted into Brazilian Portuguese.

  • The Brazilian version of SAS-SV has good reliability and construct validity.

  • It is now possible to measure addition of smartphone use in Brazil.

Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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