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Effects of three interventions in facilitating voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction in women: a randomized controlled trial
Elaine Cristine L. Mateus-Vasconcelos, Luiz Gustavo O. Brito, Patricia Driusso, Thaís D. Silva, Flávia I. Antônio, Cristine H.J. Ferreira
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:391-9

  • Training of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) is essential in the treatment of pelvic floor dysfunctions.

  • Only women who are able to contract the PFM are eligible for PFM training.

  • There is no consensus as to the best method to facilitate PFM contraction.

  • Vaginal palpation with posterior pelvic tilt and vaginal palpation showed the larger effect to facilitate a PFM contraction.

  • There was significant improvement among all of the groups in UI and the largest changes were respectively noted in the PG, PTG, ESG and CG.

Is hip strengthening the best treatment option for females with patellofemoral pain? A randomized controlled trial of three different types of exercises
Marcelo Camargo Saad, Rodrigo Antunes de Vasconcelos, Letícia Villani de Oliveira Mancinelli, Matheus Soares de Barros Munno, Rogério Ferreira Liporaci, Débora Bevilaqua Grossi
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:408-16

  • It is commonly believed that hip dysfunctions have been responsible for PFP onset.

  • Several forms of treatment (HE, QE and SE) can be effective in decreasing PFPS pain.

  • Only interventions with strengthening exercises were able to change movement patterns.

  • More effective rehabilitation programs should focus on the deficits presented by individuals in their initial evaluations.

Reference values for muscle strength: a systematic review with a descriptive meta-analysis
Poliana do Amaral Benfica, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Luane Helena Nunes Bernardino, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:355-69

  • Most of the studies included in this review showed adequate methodological quality.

  • There is information only on the reference values for muscle strength measured with dynamometers/myometers.

  • The meta-analysis provided reference values for the strength of 14 muscle groups.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current demonstrate similar effects in relieving acute and chronic pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis
Camila Cadena de Almeida, Vinicius Z. Maldaner da Silva, Gerson Cipriano Júnior, Richard Eloin Liebano, Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:347-54

  • Both TENS and IFC have been indicated to reduce pain intensity.

  • TENS and IFC have similar effects on pain intensity.

  • Physical therapists could choose either TENS or IFC and expect similar treatment effects.

Availability and characteristics of cardiac rehabilitation programs in one Brazilian state: a cross-sectional study
Thaianne Cavalcante Sérvio, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Lilian Pinto da Silva, Luciana Duarte Novais Silva, Marcia Maria Oliveira Lima, Danielle Aparecida Gomes Pereira, Sherry L. Grace, Raquel Rodrigues Britto
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:400-7

  • Cardiac rehabilitation is not widely available and is underutilized, especially in low and middle-income countries.

  • Only forty-one cardiac rehabilitation programs were identified and most of them where privately-funded.

  • All core components of cardiac rehabilitation are not offered.

  • All programs had a physical therapist on staff.

Effect of flexibility deficit on scapular asymmetry in individuals with and without shoulder pain
Elif Turgut, Gul Baltaci
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:370-5

  • Deficit in pectoralis minor flexibility was associated with scapular asymmetry at rest.

  • Deficit in posterior capsule flexibility was associated with scapular asymmetry at rest.

  • No relationship was found between flexibility deficit and scapular asymmetry during arm elevation.

Dual-task as a predictor of falls in older people with mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease: a prospective cohort study
Jessica Gonçalves, Juliana Hotta Ansai, Fernando Arturo Arriagada Masse, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi, Larissa Pires de Andrade
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:417-23

  • Older people with MCI or mild AD presented a high prevalence of falls during the 6-month follow up.

  • A dual-task test can be used as a screening tool for determining risk of falls in people with MCI.

  • The dual-task in this experiment did not predict falls among people with mild AD.

Why clinicians should consider the role of culture in chronic pain
Saurab Sharma, J. Haxby Abbott, Mark P. Jensen
Braz J Phys Ther.2018;22:345-6
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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