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3028
Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles - part 1: serratus anterior
Donald A. Neumann, Paula R. Camargo
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:459-66
3028

  • The serratus anterior (SA) is associated with shoulder painful conditions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the SA.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that specifically target the activation of the SA.

  • This paper can help clinicians develop exercises that specifically challenge the SA.

1192
Is forward head posture relevant to cervical muscles performance and neck pain? A case–control study
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:346-54
1192

  • Forward head posture is not associated with muscular performance in either groups.

  • Forward head posture does not explain pain and disability in CNP patients.

  • The muscle size–endurance relationship is affected in CNP.

  • Deep cervical muscles are selectively affected in the presence of CNP.

1152
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation training improves pain-related and balance outcomes in working-age patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Vitsarut Buttagat
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:428-36
1152

  • PNF training statistically improves pain intensity, disability and static balance of working-age CLBP people.

  • Magnitudes of difference of outcomes between PNF training and general trunk exercises did not reach clinical important changes.

  • The therapist should take into account to use these interventions in rehabilitation programme for CLBP patients.

1095
Description of low back pain clinical trials in physical therapy: a cross sectional study
Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Amanda Costa Araujo, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:448-57
1095

  • Low back pain trials are published in a variety of healthcare journals.

  • The methodological quality of low back pain trials is moderate.

  • 55.5% of low back pain trials endorsed the CONSORT statement recommendations.

  • Reporting guidelines should be strictly followed.

1049
Can high-intensity interval training change cardiac autonomic control? A systematic review
Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Rodrigo Polaquini Simões, Aparecida Maria Catai
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:279-89
1049

  • HIIT can benefits the HRV, especially in healthy and MetS subjects.

  • The HIIT can be used in cardiovascular rehabilitation and prevention.

  • Future randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness of HIIT.

962
Hip muscle weakness and reduced joint range of motion in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: a case-control study
Viviane Bortoluzzi Frasson, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Anete Beling Morales, Anna Torresan, Marco Aurélio Telöken, Paulo David Fortis Gusmão, Marcus Vinicius Crestani, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
962

  • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome patients had losses in hip muscle strength.

  • Flexion and rotation movements are reduced in FAI syndrome patients.

  • Reduced hip strength and motion should be considered during rehabilitation programs.

Available online 1 December 2018
962
Is occupational or leisure physical activity associated with low back pain? Insights from a cross-sectional study of 1059 participants
Anita B. Amorim, Milena Simic, Evangelos Pappas, Joshua R. Zadro, Eduvigis Carrillo, Juan R. Ordoñana, Paulo H. Ferreira
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:257-65
962

  • Physical activity is recommended in clinical guidelines for chronic low back pain.

  • Guidelines are silent in regards to which types of physical activity.

  • Leisure physical activity appears to be protective to low back pain.

  • Occupational physical activity appears to be harmful to low back pain.

958
Knee extensor muscles strength indicates global lower-limb strength in individuals who have suffered a stroke: A cross-sectional study
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Camila Lima Gervásio Mendes, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:221-7
958

  • Knee extensor muscle strength indicates global lower-limb strength following a stroke.

  • The use of a single measure of muscle strength can reduce assessment burden.

  • MST statistical analyses’ results are similar to those seen when using a dynamometer.

  • MST can be used to assess lower-limb strength post-stroke.

930
Understanding and interpreting confidence and credible intervals around effect estimates
Luiz Hespanhol, Caio Sain Vallio, Lucíola Menezes Costa, Bruno T Saragiotto
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:290-301
930

  • Confidence intervals (CI) measure the uncertainty around effect estimates.

  • Frequentist 95% CI: we can be 95% confident that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Bayesian 95% CI: there is a 95% probability that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Decision-making should not be made considering only the dichotomized interpretation of CIs.

  • Training and education may enhance knowledge related to understanding and interpreting CIs.

921
Evidence-Based Practice: a survey of Brazilian physical therapists from the dermatology subdiscipline
Renato Claudino, Naudimar de Pietro Simoes, Tatiane da Silva
Braz J Phys Ther. 2019;23:395-401
921

  • Physical therapists from dermatology report having knowledge to be able to implement EBP.

  • Physical therapists from dermatology believe having skills to be able to implement EBP.

  • There were inconsistencies on some answers about knowledge and skills related to EBP.

Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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