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Vol. 24. Issue 1.
Pages 79-87 (01 January 2020)
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Vol. 24. Issue 1.
Pages 79-87 (01 January 2020)
Original Research
DOI: 10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.012
Low back pain and some associated factors: is there any difference between genders?
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Thiago Paulo Frascareli Bentoa,
Corresponding author
thibento10@gmail.com

Corresponding author at: Augusto Pinheiro, 995, Oeste, Michel Neme, CEP 17280-000, Pederneiras, SP, Brazil.
, Caio Vitor dos Santos Genebraa, Nicoly Machado Maciela, Guilherme Porfírio Corneliob, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeãoc, Alberto de Vittaa
a Programa de Mestrado em Fisioterapia na Saúde Funcional, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, SP, Brazil
b Curso de Fisioterapia, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, SP, Brazil
c Programa de Mestrado em odontologia, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, SP, Brazil
Highlights

  • This study shows a high prevalence of low back pain over a one week period.

  • Older age, low education, hypertension and smoking were associated with back pain in men.

  • Occupational and ergonomic factors were associated with back pain in women.

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Tables (5)
Table 1. Prevalence of low back pain in males and females based on sociodemographic characteristics, smoking, physical activity level, and reported diseases.
Table 2. Prevalence of low back pain in males and females during sedentary activities.
Table 3. Prevalence of low back pain in males and females based on ergonomic or occupational variables.
Table 4. Poisson regression (PR) analysis, final model, for associations between the variables studied and low back pain in women.
Table 5. Poisson regression (PR) analysis, final model, for associations between the variables studied and low back pain in men.
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Abstract
Objective

To compare men and women with low back pain and identify the prevalence and some of its associated factors in a population-based sample of adults aged 20 and over a seven day period.

Methods

Cross-sectional study based on a population survey. 600 individuals were interviewed on the following: (1) characteristics of the participants (i.e. demographic, socioeconomic, and labor aspects); (2) physical activity level (IPAQ); (3) musculoskeletal symptoms (Nordic Questionnaire). Descriptive, bivariate, and Poisson regression analyses were performed.

Results

Overall prevalence of LBP was 28.8%, being 39.0% in men and 60.9% in women. The measured associated factors in men were age between 36 and 59 years (PR=3.00 [1.31–6.88]) and over 60 (PR=4.52 [2.02–10.12]), smoking (PR=2.47 [1.20–5.11]), fewer years of formal education (0–4 years) (PR=6.37 [2.15–18.62]), and hypertension (PR=2.27 [1.15–4.50]). For women, the associated factors were occupational activities that involved heavy lifting (PR=1.80 [1.03–3.16]), standing posture leaning forward (PR=2.04 [1.20–3.44]), sitting posture leaning forward (PR=2.17 [1.24–3.82]), and sitting at the computer three or more days per week (PR=4.00 [1.44–11.11]). Widowed or divorced participants were more likely to report LBP, in both men (PR=3.06 [1.40–6.66]) and women (PR=2.11 [1.15–3.88]).

Conclusion

This study reveals high prevalence of low back pain in a seven day period. Older age, low education, hypertension, and smoking were associated with LBP in men. Occupational and ergonomic factors were associated with LBP in women. Marital status was associated with LBP in both genders.

Keywords:
Low back pain
Prevalence
Risk factors
Gender factors

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