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Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 279-289 (01 July 2019)
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Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 279-289 (01 July 2019)
Systematic Review
DOI: 10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.010
Can high-intensity interval training change cardiac autonomic control? A systematic review
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Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Rodrigo Polaquini Simões, Aparecida Maria Catai
Corresponding author
mcatai@ufscar.br

Corresponding author at: Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiovascular Physical Therapy Laboratory, Nucleus of Research in Physical Exercise, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luiz, km 235, CP: 676, CEP: 13565-905, São Carlos, SP, Brazil.
Cardiovascular Physical Therapy Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil
Highlights

  • HIIT can benefits the HRV, especially in healthy and MetS subjects.

  • The HIIT can be used in cardiovascular rehabilitation and prevention.

  • Future randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness of HIIT.

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Table 1. Study and participants characteristics.
Table 2. Characteristics of HIIT interventions.
Table 3. Effects of HIIT on HRV indexes and secondary outcomes.
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Abstract
Background

High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been used as a cardiovascular exercise strategy to promote greater adherence in cardiovascular rehabilitation. However, little is known about the effect of this training modality on cardiac autonomic control.

Objective

To perform a systematic review to evaluate the effects of HIIT on cardiac autonomic responses in humans.

Methods

PEDro, SCOPUS and PubMed were searched from the inception to March 29th, 2018. Moreover, the methodological quality and statistical reporting from all eligible clinical trials were assessed by the PEDro scale. The articles were eligible if: The primary objective was related to the effects of HIIT on the cardiac autonomic nervous system. Outcomes evaluated were indirect measures of cardiac autonomic control, represented by HRV indexes.

Results

The search strategies resulted in 339 citations and 2 additional citations were identified through other sources. After deleting the duplicate articles and revising the full text, 6 articles were included. Overall, the results showed an improvement in parasympathetic and/or sympathetic modulation after HIIT, when evaluated by linear and non-linear indexes of HRV.

Conclusions

HIIT is a promising tool to improve the cardiac autonomic control, with more recommendation in healthy individuals and patients with metabolic syndrome.

Keywords:
Heart rate
Cardiovascular oscillations
Autonomic nervous system

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