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Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles: part 1: serratus anterior
Donald A. Neumann, Paula R. Camargo
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.008

  • The serratus anterior (SA) is associated with shoulder painful conditions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the SA.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that specifically target the activation of the SA.

  • This paper can help clinicians develop exercises that specifically challenge the SA.

Available online 6 February 2019
Measurement properties of quality assessment tools for studies of diagnostic accuracy
Mark A. Kaizik, Alessandra N. Garcia, Mark J. Hancock, Robert D. Herbert
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.009

  • First head-to-head comparison of QUADAS, QUADAS-2, DAQS measurement properties.

  • Inter-tester reliability of individual items of the tools was poor.

  • Summary scores were imprecise and convergent validity was often low.

  • The quality of the included studies was mixed.

  • A new quality assessment tool should exclude items relating to generalizability.

Available online 6 February 2019
Higher order thinking about differential diagnosis
Chad E. Cook, Simon Décary
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.010

  • Diagnosis is designed to improve communication and documentation about a patient's condition and should help refine treatment options for patients. A diagnosis allows clinicians to “cross-talk” and reduce variability of care.

  • Higher order thinking is a form of thinking and learning that requires greater cognitive processing and indirectly requires different forms of learning beyond memorization, facts and, concepts. Higher order thinking occurs after one makes a diagnosis.

  • Diagnostic metrics are either internal (in that they provide information about the test only) or external (in that they provide information about post-test decision making). The best tests influence post-test decision making.

  • Overdiagnosis may lead to overtreatment. A caveat exists that over-pursuing diagnoses may lead to worse outcomes.

  • Within a diagnosis are specific phenotypes. Thus, multiple patients may have a single diagnosis but present markedly differently and respond to different outcomes.

Available online 3 February 2019
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation to improve gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis
Ana Paula Salazar, Aline Souza Pagnussat, Gabriela Alves Pereira, Gabriela Scopel, Janice Luisa Lukrafka
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.006

  • NMES might be used as adjuvant therapy to improve sitting and standing GMFM dimensions.

  • NMES is not better than PT alone to improve GMFM walking dimension.

  • Further research is still necessary to determine the precise effects of NMES on GMFM.

Available online 1 February 2019
Reduced flexion rotation test in women with chronic and episodic migraine
Ana Izabela S. Oliveira-Souza, Lidiane L. Florencio, Gabriela F. Carvalho, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Fabiola Dach, Debora Bevilaqua-Grossi
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.001

  • C1/C2 hypomobility is an important finding in women with migraine and is related to migraine chronicity.

  • Mobility of the C1/C2 segment is influenced by neck pain related-disability.

  • Chronic migraine patients have a reduced global cervical range of motion.

Available online 22 January 2019
Explaining pain following cancer: a practical guide for clinicians
Jo Nijs, Amarins J. Wijma, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Ward Willaert, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, C. Paul van Wilgen
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.003

  • Explaining pain to patients who survived cancer should be individually tailored.

  • Take the patient's pain beliefs, cognitions, pain memories, social factors and dominant pain mechanism into account.

  • Explaining pain implies teaching patients about the underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms of pain.

  • Pain neuroscience education is a potential solution to improve pain outcome in cancer survivors, but should never be a stand-alone treatment.

  • Pain neuroscience education should precede interventions such as graded activity, exercise therapy, stress management, sleep management and dietary advice.

Available online 1 January 2019
Walking speed best explains perceived locomotion ability in ambulatory people with chronic stroke, assessed by the ABILOCO questionnaire
Patrick R. Avelino, Kênia K.P. Menezes, Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Iza Faria-Fortini, Christina Danielle Coelho de Morais Faria, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.005

  • Impairment and activity measures were significantly correlated with ability of locomotion.

  • Walking speed explained 35% of the variance in the ABILOCO scores.

  • Locomotion ability may increase if attention is focused on increasing walking speed.

Available online 29 December 2018
Complexity of knee extensor torque in patients with frailty syndrome: a cross-sectional study
Bianca Ferdin Carnavale, Elie Fiogbé, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Aparecida Maria Catai, Alberto Porta, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.004

  • Knee extensor torque complexity is reduced in the presence of frailty syndrome.

  • Frail participants showed a reduction in body mass, peak knee extensor torque and decreased physical performance.

  • The relationship between complexity and force levels was similar in all groups.

Available online 24 December 2018
Interventions used for Rehabilitation and Prevention of Patellar Tendinopathy in athletes: a survey of Brazilian Sports Physical Therapists
Luciana De Michelis Mendonça, Natália Franco Netto Bittencourt, Laís Emanuelle Meira Alves, Renan Alves Resende, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.001

  • Education, joint stabilization, and myofascial release were most used for patellar tendinopathy rehabilitation.

  • Quadriceps eccentrics, education, joint stabilization and lumbo-pelvic stabilization and hamstrings stretching were frequently used for patellar tendinopathy prevention.

  • Brazilian physical therapists consider pain, function and functional test results to discharge an athlete.

  • Our results revealed an inconsistency between interventions used in clinical practice and interventions recommended by the best available evidence.

Available online 21 December 2018
Hip muscle weakness and reduced joint range of motion in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: a case-control study
Viviane Bortoluzzi Frasson, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Anete Beling Morales, Anna Torresan, Marco Aurélio Telöken, Paulo David Fortis Gusmão, Marcus Vinicius Crestani, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.010

  • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome patients had losses in hip muscle strength.

  • Flexion and rotation movements are reduced in FAI syndrome patients.

  • Reduced hip strength and motion should be considered during rehabilitation programs.

Available online 1 December 2018
Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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