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Use of 95% confidence intervals in the reporting of between-group differences in randomized controlled trials: analysis of a representative sample of 200 physical therapy trials
Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Mark R. Elkins, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Anne M. Moseley
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.004

  • Less than one-third of physical therapy trials reported confidence intervals.

  • The prevalence observed is lower than equivalent analyses in other disciplines.

  • Analysis showed consistent increases in the proportion of trials that used confidence intervals with time.

Available online 24 October 2018
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation training improves pain-related and balance outcomes in working-age patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Vitsarut Buttagat
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.005

  • PNF training statistically improves pain intensity, disability and static balance of working-age CLBP people.

  • Magnitudes of difference of outcomes between PNF training and general trunk exercises did not reach clinical important changes.

  • The therapist should take into account to use these interventions in rehabilitation programme for CLBP patients.

Available online 23 October 2018
Tackling low back pain in Brazil: a wake-up call
Giovanni Ferreira, Luciola Menezes Costa, Airton Stein, Jan Hartvigsen, Rachelle Buchbinder, Chris G. Maher
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.001

  • Low back pain is the leading cause of years lived with disability in Brazil.

  • Brazil has adopted unwarranted practices in the management of low back pain.

  • Brazil faces a significant challenge with overuse of medical services for LBP.

  • Tackling low back pain will require engagement of all relevant stakeholders.

Available online 16 October 2018
Associations between type and severity of hip pathology with pre-operative patient reported outcome measures
Matthew D. Freke, Kay M. Crossley, Trevor Russell, Kevin J. Sims, Adam Semciw
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.008

  • Associations between type and severity of hip pathology with pre-operative patient reported outcome measures were investigated.

  • High prevalence of labral pathology and acetabular chondropathy were observed.

  • Severe femoral head chondropathy and large labral tears are often undetected with imaging.

  • Severe chondropathies are most associated with PROs; however only explain 22% of the variability.

Available online 5 October 2018
Can high-intensity interval training change cardiac autonomic control? A systematic review
Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Rodrigo Polaquini Simões, Aparecida Maria Catai
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.010

  • HIIT can benefits the HRV, especially in healthy and MetS subjects.

  • The HIIT can be used in cardiovascular rehabilitation and prevention.

  • Future randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness of HIIT.

Available online 5 October 2018
Examination procedures and interventions for the hip in the management of low back pain: a survey of physical therapists
Scott A. Burns, Joshua A. Cleland, Darren A. Rivett, Suzanne J. Snodgrass
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.007

  • Physical therapists routinely examine strength, range of motion and muscle flexibility of the hip(s) for individuals with low back pain.

  • Physical therapists often provide strengthening and flexibility interventions targeting the hips for individuals with low back pain.

  • Post-professional fellowship training as a physical therapist changed intervention selection to include more joint manual therapy and less muscle flexibility and modality usage.

Available online 5 October 2018
Knee crepitus is not associated with the occurrence of total knee replacement in knee osteoarthritis – a longitudinal study with data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative
Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo, Evangelos Pappas
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.009

  • Crepitus is not associated with higher odds of having total knee replacement.

  • Crepitus is associated with decreased quadriceps strength in patients with KOA.

  • Crepitus does not affect physical function and quality of life of patients with KOA.

Available online 4 October 2018
Description of low back pain clinical trials in physical therapy: a cross sectional study
Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Amanda Costa Araujo, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.002

  • Low back pain trials are published in a variety of healthcare journals.

  • The methodological quality of low back pain trials is moderate.

  • 55.5% of low back pain trials endorsed the CONSORT statement recommendations.

  • Reporting guidelines should be strictly followed.

Available online 1 October 2018
Second opinion programs in spine surgeries: an attempt to reduce unnecessary care for low back pain patients
Isadora Orlando de Oliveira, Mario Lenza, Rodrigo Antunes de Vasconcelos, Eliane Antonioli, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Mário Ferretti
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.09.004
Available online 1 October 2018
Role of physical therapists in the weaning and extubation procedures of pediatric and neonatal intensive care units: a survey
Suzi Laine Longo dos Santos Bacci, Janser Moura Pereira, Amanda Cristina da Silva Chagas, Lais Ribeiro Carvalho, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.08.012

  • ICUs using MV weaning protocols frequently had physical therapists perform the procedure.

  • When physical therapists decided on extubation, they were specifically assigned to the ICU.

  • Physical therapists being available 24h/day were associated with successful on the first attempt at extubation.

Available online 22 September 2018
Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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