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Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Is forward head posture relevant to cervical muscles performance and neck pain? A case–control study
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee

  • Forward head posture is not associated with muscular performance in either groups.

  • Forward head posture does not explain pain and disability in CNP patients.

  • The muscle size–endurance relationship is affected in CNP.

  • Deep cervical muscles are selectively affected in the presence of CNP.

Available Avalilable online 23 August 2018
Knee extensor muscles strength indicates global lower-limb strength in individuals who have suffered a stroke: A cross-sectional study
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Camila Lima Gervásio Mendes, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria

  • Knee extensor muscle strength indicates global lower-limb strength following a stroke.

  • The use of a single measure of muscle strength can reduce assessment burden.

  • MST statistical analyses’ results are similar to those seen when using a dynamometer.

  • MST can be used to assess lower-limb strength post-stroke.

Available Avalilable online 22 August 2018
Validity of the accelerometer and smartphone application in estimating energy expenditure in individuals with chronic stroke
Giselle S. Faria, Janaine C. Polese, Giane A. Ribeiro-Samora, Aline A. Scianni, Christina D.C.M. Faria, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela

  • The GT3X®ActiGraph accelerometer does not provide valid measures of energy expenditure in individuals with chronic stroke.

  • The Google Fit® smartphone application does not provide valid measures of energy expenditure in individuals with chronic stroke.

  • Objective measures of energy expenditure of stroke individuals are necessary.

  • Physical activity monitors should be created based upon group-specific equations.

Available Avalilable online 22 August 2018
Mechanical properties, safety and resistance values of Lemgruber® elastic tubing
Fabiano Francisco de Lima, Carlos Augusto Camillo, Elton Aparecido Prado dos Reis, Aldo Eloizo Job, Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva, Marko Topalovic, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos

  • Lemgruber® elastic tubes (LET) can be safely stretched up to 8 times in length.

  • Resistance from individual tubes varies from 3N to 537N depending on elongation.

  • Reference equations for resistance and elongation are provided.

  • Results offer increased knowledge of LET for its use in clinical practice.

Available Avalilable online 2 August 2018
Is there any association between abdominal strength training before and during pregnancy and delivery outcome? The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
Eirin Rise, Kari Bø, Wenche Nystad

  • Pregnant women are encouraged to train the abdominal muscles to enhance normal birth.

  • The results showed a decline in abdominal training during pregnancy.

  • No associations were found between abdominal training and birth outcomes.

  • The results question that abdominal training during pregnancy affect delivery.

Available Avalilable online 16 July 2018
Is occupational or leisure physical activity associated with low back pain? Insights from a cross-sectional study of 1059 participants
Anita B. Amorim, Milena Simic, Evangelos Pappas, Joshua R. Zadro, Eduvigis Carrillo, Juan R. Ordoñana, Paulo H. Ferreira

  • Physical activity is recommended in clinical guidelines for chronic low back pain.

  • Guidelines are silent in regards to which types of physical activity.

  • Leisure physical activity appears to be protective to low back pain.

  • Occupational physical activity appears to be harmful to low back pain.

Available Avalilable online 7 July 2018
Dose–response effects of years of self-reported physical activity on old females’ motor and cognitive function
Juliana Bayeux Dascal, Lianne Maria Jantien Sanders, Edson Gonsales da Cruz Filho, Tibor Hortobágyi

  • Different types of physical activity are strongly associated with motor and cognitive improvements.

  • There is a dose–response relationship between physical activity and physiological improvements.

  • An average of 6.2 years of physical activity had favorable effects on motor functions.

  • An active lifestyle in adulthood is likely to prevent aging-related motor and cognitive decline.

Available Avalilable online 6 July 2018
Steps, duration and intensity of usual walking practice during subacute rehabilitation after stroke: an observational study
Suzanne S. Kuys, Louise Ada, Jennifer Paratz, Sandra G. Brauer

  • Stroke survivors spend approximately 20% of physical therapy time actively walking.

  • Those able to walk without assistance take more steps for longer at a higher intensity.

  • Increased walking practice intensity is needed to drive motor learning.

Available Avalilable online 22 June 2018
A predictive model of isolated and recurrent falls in functionally independent community-dwelling older adults
Pilar Pérez-Ros, Francisco M. Martínez-Arnau, Rafael M. Orti-Lucas, Francisco J. Tarazona-Santabalbina

  • Functionally independent older adults have risk of falling.

  • Isolated and recurrent fallers have different fall risk factors.

  • Alpha-blocker use is a predictor of isolated falls.

  • Fractures, increased BMI and benzodiazepine and beta-blocker use are predictors of recurrent fallers.

Available Avalilable online 18 June 2018
Pectoralis minor muscle elongation and scapulothoracic motion do not differ in individuals with short versus typical resting pectoralis minor muscle length: a cross-sectional study
David Ebaugh, Travis Pollen, Jason Mohring, Kelly Gerrity, Noel Goodstadt, Margaret Finley

  • Individuals in the short and typical resting PMm length groups had similar amounts of PMm elongation during active and passive lengthening procedures.

  • These groups also had similar amounts of PMm length change, and scapulothoracic motion during overhead arm motions.

  • These results support the need for further research to better understand how resting PMm length influences PMm elongation and scapulothoracic motion.

  • Findings from this study should not be applied to individuals with shoulder pain as the study participants were free from shoulder pain at the time of the study.

Available Avalilable online 18 June 2018
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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