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Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Showing confidence (intervals)
Steven J. Kamper
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.003
Available online 30 January 2019
Reduced flexion rotation test in women with chronic and episodic migraine
Ana Izabela S. Oliveira-Souza, Lidiane L. Florencio, Gabriela F. Carvalho, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Fabiola Dach, Debora Bevilaqua-Grossi
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.001

  • C1/C2 hypomobility is an important finding in women with migraine and is related to migraine chronicity.

  • Mobility of the C1/C2 segment is influenced by neck pain related-disability.

  • Chronic migraine patients have a reduced global cervical range of motion.

Available online 22 January 2019
Understanding and interpreting confidence and credible intervals around effect estimates
Luiz Hespanhol, Caio Sain Vallio, Lucíola Menezes Costa, Bruno T Saragiotto
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.006

  • Confidence intervals (CI) measure the uncertainty around effect estimates.

  • Frequentist 95% CI: we can be 95% confident that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Bayesian 95% CI: there is a 95% probability that the true estimate would lie within the interval.

  • Decision-making should not be made considering only the dichotomized interpretation of CIs.

  • Training and education may enhance knowledge related to understanding and interpreting CIs.

Available online 12 January 2019
Explaining pain following cancer: a practical guide for clinicians
Jo Nijs, Amarins J. Wijma, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Ward Willaert, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, C. Paul van Wilgen
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.003

  • Explaining pain to patients who survived cancer should be individually tailored.

  • Take the patient's pain beliefs, cognitions, pain memories, social factors and dominant pain mechanism into account.

  • Explaining pain implies teaching patients about the underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms of pain.

  • Pain neuroscience education is a potential solution to improve pain outcome in cancer survivors, but should never be a stand-alone treatment.

  • Pain neuroscience education should precede interventions such as graded activity, exercise therapy, stress management, sleep management and dietary advice.

Available online 1 January 2019
Walking speed best explains perceived locomotion ability in ambulatory people with chronic stroke, assessed by the ABILOCO questionnaire
Patrick R. Avelino, Kênia K.P. Menezes, Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Iza Faria-Fortini, Christina Danielle Coelho de Morais Faria, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.005

  • Impairment and activity measures were significantly correlated with ability of locomotion.

  • Walking speed explained 35% of the variance in the ABILOCO scores.

  • Locomotion ability may increase if attention is focused on increasing walking speed.

Available online 29 December 2018
Complexity of knee extensor torque in patients with frailty syndrome: a cross-sectional study
Bianca Ferdin Carnavale, Elie Fiogbé, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Aparecida Maria Catai, Alberto Porta, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.004

  • Knee extensor torque complexity is reduced in the presence of frailty syndrome.

  • Frail participants showed a reduction in body mass, peak knee extensor torque and decreased physical performance.

  • The relationship between complexity and force levels was similar in all groups.

Available online 24 December 2018
Interventions used for Rehabilitation and Prevention of Patellar Tendinopathy in athletes: a survey of Brazilian Sports Physical Therapists
Luciana De Michelis Mendonça, Natália Franco Netto Bittencourt, Laís Emanuelle Meira Alves, Renan Alves Resende, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.001

  • Education, joint stabilization, and myofascial release were most used for patellar tendinopathy rehabilitation.

  • Quadriceps eccentrics, education, joint stabilization and lumbo-pelvic stabilization and hamstrings stretching were frequently used for patellar tendinopathy prevention.

  • Brazilian physical therapists consider pain, function and functional test results to discharge an athlete.

  • Our results revealed an inconsistency between interventions used in clinical practice and interventions recommended by the best available evidence.

Available online 21 December 2018
Hip muscle weakness and reduced joint range of motion in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: a case-control study
Viviane Bortoluzzi Frasson, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Anete Beling Morales, Anna Torresan, Marco Aurélio Telöken, Paulo David Fortis Gusmão, Marcus Vinicius Crestani, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.010

  • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome patients had losses in hip muscle strength.

  • Flexion and rotation movements are reduced in FAI syndrome patients.

  • Reduced hip strength and motion should be considered during rehabilitation programs.

Available online 1 December 2018
Exploring the pre-morbid contexts in which central sensitisation developed in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain. A qualitative study
Jacqui R. Clark, Peter C. Goodwin, Gillian Yeowell
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.012

  • Pre-morbid contexts may relate to the onset of central sensitisation in chronic low back pain.

  • Themes of developmental learning experiences and personal characteristics emerged.

  • Themes of physical and emotional sensitivities and traumas also emerged.

  • These four themes may be linked with autonomic stress responses and central sensitisation pain.

Available online 29 November 2018
How does context influence arm use after stroke? A qualitative content analysis among rural community-dwelling stroke survivors
Vasanthan Rajagopalan, Manikandan Natarajan, Johnson Alex, John M. Solomon
10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.008

  • Personal and environmental context influence affected arm use of stroke survivors.

  • Rural stroke survivors have limited awareness and knowledge of active functional task practice.

  • For recovery of the affected upper extremity, many stroke survivors rely on passive recovery methods.

  • Self-engagement in active functional task practice is facilitated by an enriched home environment and perception of ongoing recovery.

Available online 28 November 2018
Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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