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Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Brazilian versions of the Measure of Processes of Care-20 and Measure of Processes of Care-Service Providers: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and reliability
Ana Amélia Moraes Antunes, Sheyla Rossana Cavalcanti Furtado, Lívia de Castro Magalhães, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Daniela Virginia Vaz
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.013

  • The MPOC-SP and MPOC-20 are now available in Brazilian Portuguese.

  • The MPOC-SP and MPOC-20 – Portuguese Brazil have overall adequate reliability.

  • The MPOCs can be used to assess family centered practice in rehabilitation.

Available online 5 March 2019
Influence of posture, sex, and age on breathing pattern and chest wall motion in healthy subjects
Liliane Patrícia De Souza Mendes, Danielle Soares Rocha Vieira, Leticia Silva Gabriel, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora, Armele Dornelas De Andrade, Daniella Cunha Brandão, Maria Clara Goes, Guilherme Augusto Freitas Fregonezi, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Veronica Franco Parreira
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.007

  • Aging reduces rib cage contribution and increase abdominal contribution.

  • Aging increases end-inspiratory and end-expiratory chest wall volumes.

  • Sitting position might benefit patients who present reduced tidal volume.

  • Posture influences all variables of breathing pattern and chest wall motion, except respiratory rate.

  • Women present higher thoracic contribution to the tidal volume.

Uncorrected Proof. Available online 1 March 2019
Influence of reducing anterior pelvic tilt on shoulder posture and the electromyographic activity of scapular upward rotators
Barbara Alice Junqueira Murta, Thiago Ribeiro Teles Santos, Priscila Albuquerque Araujo, Renan Alves Resende, Juliana Melo Ocarino
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.002

  • This study investigated the influence between pelvis–trunk–shoulder.

  • Active reduction of anterior pelvic tilt decreased trunk extension.

  • Active reduction of anterior pelvic tilt increased lower trapezius activity.

Available online 28 February 2019
Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles – part 2: trapezius
Paula R. Camargo, Donald A. Neumann
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.011

  • Improper activation of the trapezius is associated with abnormal scapular motions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the trapezius.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that target the trapezius.

Available online 21 February 2019
Low back pain and some associated factors: is there any difference between genders?
Thiago Paulo Frascareli Bento, Caio Vitor dos Santos Genebra, Nicoly Machado Maciel, Guilherme Porfírio Cornelio, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeão, Alberto de Vitta
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.012

  • This study shows a high prevalence of low back pain over a one week period.

  • Older age, low education, hypertension and smoking were associated with back pain in men.

  • Occupational and ergonomic factors were associated with back pain in women.

Available online 17 February 2019
Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles: part 1: serratus anterior
Donald A. Neumann, Paula R. Camargo
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.008

  • The serratus anterior (SA) is associated with shoulder painful conditions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the SA.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that specifically target the activation of the SA.

  • This paper can help clinicians develop exercises that specifically challenge the SA.

Available online 6 February 2019
Measurement properties of quality assessment tools for studies of diagnostic accuracy
Mark A. Kaizik, Alessandra N. Garcia, Mark J. Hancock, Robert D. Herbert
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.009

  • First head-to-head comparison of QUADAS, QUADAS-2, DAQS measurement properties.

  • Inter-tester reliability of individual items of the tools was poor.

  • Summary scores were imprecise and convergent validity was often low.

  • The quality of the included studies was mixed.

  • A new quality assessment tool should exclude items relating to generalizability.

Available online 6 February 2019
Higher order thinking about differential diagnosis
Chad E. Cook, Simon Décary
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.010

  • Diagnosis is designed to improve communication and documentation about a patient's condition and should help refine treatment options for patients. A diagnosis allows clinicians to “cross-talk” and reduce variability of care.

  • Higher order thinking is a form of thinking and learning that requires greater cognitive processing and indirectly requires different forms of learning beyond memorization, facts and, concepts. Higher order thinking occurs after one makes a diagnosis.

  • Diagnostic metrics are either internal (in that they provide information about the test only) or external (in that they provide information about post-test decision making). The best tests influence post-test decision making.

  • Overdiagnosis may lead to overtreatment. A caveat exists that over-pursuing diagnoses may lead to worse outcomes.

  • Within a diagnosis are specific phenotypes. Thus, multiple patients may have a single diagnosis but present markedly differently and respond to different outcomes.

Available online 3 February 2019
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation to improve gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis
Ana Paula Salazar, Aline Souza Pagnussat, Gabriela Alves Pereira, Gabriela Scopel, Janice Luisa Lukrafka
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.006

  • NMES might be used as adjuvant therapy to improve sitting and standing GMFM dimensions.

  • NMES is not better than PT alone to improve GMFM walking dimension.

  • Further research is still necessary to determine the precise effects of NMES on GMFM.

Available online 1 February 2019
Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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