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Baseline characteristics did not identify people with low back pain who respond best to a Movement System Impairment-Based classification treatment
Daniel Camara Azevedo, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Henrique de Oliveira Santos, Daniel Ribeiro Oliveira, Joao Victor Leite de Souza, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.006

  • Participant's characteristics did not identify people who respond best to MSI treatment.

  • Patient's characteristics should not be used to choose between both treatments.

  • Sample size was not determined to detect potential treatment effect modifiers.

Available online 21 June 2019
Effect of combined interval training on the cardiorespiratory fitness in heart failure patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Incare Correa De Jesus, Francisco José de Menezes Junior, Paulo Cesar Barauce Bento, Astrid Wiens, Jorge Mota, Neiva Leite
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.04.001

  • Interval training is an interesting strategy in increasing aerobic capacity.

  • In patients with heart failure the use of combined interval training may effective in increasing VO2peak.

  • Interval training combined with resistance training can maximize treatment time.

  • Maximize treatment time is an aspect that has been important in the choice of interventions.

  • Training combined showed more effective in improving VO2peak in patients with heart failure.

Available online 20 June 2019
Identification of gait events in children with spastic cerebral palsy: comparison between the force plate and algorithms
Rejane Vale Gonçalves, Sérgio Teixeira Fonseca, Priscila Albuquerque Araújo, Vanessa Lara Araújo, Tais Martins Barboza, Gabriela Andrade Martins, Marisa Cotta Mancini
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.007

  • Detecting events occurring during the gait cycle is essential for gait analysis.

  • The precision of algorithms varies according to the children's gait pattern.

  • The algorithm proposed by Ghoussayni et al. is robust for detecting gait events in children with CP.

Available online 15 June 2019
An observational study of self-reported sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis
Zoe J. McKeough, Sarah L. Large, Lissa M. Spencer, Sonia W.M. Cheng, Renae J. McNamara
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.005

  • Sedentary behaviour is characterised by a seated or reclined posture with a low energy expenditure of 1.0–1.5 metabolic equivalents (METS) during waking hours.

  • Too much sitting behaviour is associated with health deficits in the adult population.

  • There has been less examination of sedentary behaviours in people with COPD and bronchiectasis.

  • There was no difference in the high sedentary time between people with COPD and bronchiectasis.

  • No significant associations between sedentary time and functional performance or health-related quality of life were present.

Available online 8 June 2019
Influence of an unloader brace on lower limb electromyographic activity in individuals with predominant lateral osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Harvi F. Hart, Matthew Holt, Adam I. Semciw, Natalie J. Collins, Kay M. Crossley
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.004

  • Unloader brace did not change co-contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles.

  • Unloader brace produced changes in gluteal and gastrocnemius timing and amplitude, however, the clinical relevance is unclear.

  • There were no differences between adjusted and unadjusted brace conditions.

Available online 7 June 2019
Personal and organizational characteristics associated with evidence-based practice reported by Brazilian physical therapists providing service to people with stroke: a cross-sectional mail survey
Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Maria Oliveira Paixão Fernandes, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Aline Alvim Scianni
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.003

  • Brazilian physical therapists had positive attitudes regarding evidence-based practice.

  • Personal characteristics were poorly associated with evidence-based practice.

  • Organizational characteristics could be the main barriers for evidence-based practice.

  • Potential strategies to improve evidence-based practice should include mentoring and research-related activities.

Available online 1 June 2019
Different weekly frequencies of Pilates did not accelerate pain improvement in patients with chronic low back pain
Maria Liliane da Silva, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Katherinne Ferro Moura Franco, Yuri Rafael dos Santos Franco, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.001

  • Different weekly frequencies of Pilates did not accelerate pain improvement.

  • Most patients reduced pain in 30% and 50% after the first week of treatment.

  • Most patients reported complete pain improvement after the last week of treatment.

Available online 30 May 2019
Postural abnormalities in phenotypes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Ansari Muhammed, Jamal Ali Moiz, Deepika Singla, Mir Shad Ali, Deepak Talwar
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.05.002

  • Postural abnormalities are more common in people with emphysema.

  • People with emphysema have more head protraction and greater scapular elevation.

  • Postural differences exist between COPD patients and healthy individuals.

Available online 29 May 2019
Short period of high-intensity inspiratory muscle training improves inspiratory muscle strength in patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial
Thiago Dipp, Fabrício Edler Macagnan, Jociane Schardong, Rafael Oliveira Fernandes, Luisa Cioato Lemos, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.04.003

  • CKD patients commonly develop muscle atrophy with an impairment of exercise tolerance.

  • Randomized control trial with high-intensity IMT (70% MIP) for 5 weeks can reverse respiratory muscle strength loss.

  • Five weeks of IMT did not change exercise capacity or vascular function.

Available online 21 May 2019
Overall confidence in the results of systematic reviews on exercise therapy for chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional analysis using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) 2 tool
Matheus Oliveira Almeida, Tiê Parma Yamato, Patricia do Carma Silva Parreira, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Steven Kamper, Bruno Tirotti Saragiotto
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.04.004

  • Overall confidence of reviews of exercise for low back pain was very low.

  • Higher confidence was found in Cochrane reviews and reviews with registered protocol.

  • Confidence in the results is important to generate unbiased clinical recommendations.

Available online 19 May 2019
Idiomas
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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