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Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles – part 2: trapezius
Paula R. Camargo, Donald A. Neumann

  • Improper activation of the trapezius is associated with abnormal scapular motions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the trapezius.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that target the trapezius.

Available online 21 February 2019
Low back pain and some associated factors: is there any difference between genders?
Thiago Paulo Frascareli Bento, Caio Vitor dos Santos Genebra, Nicoly Machado Maciel, Guilherme Porfírio Cornelio, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeão, Alberto de Vitta

  • This study shows a high prevalence of low back pain over a one week period.

  • Older age, low education, hypertension and smoking were associated with back pain in men.

  • Occupational and ergonomic factors were associated with back pain in women.

Available online 17 February 2019
Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles: part 1: serratus anterior
Donald A. Neumann, Paula R. Camargo

  • The serratus anterior (SA) is associated with shoulder painful conditions.

  • This paper reviews the anatomy, kinesiology, and pathokinesiology of the SA.

  • This paper describes and illustrates exercises that specifically target the activation of the SA.

  • This paper can help clinicians develop exercises that specifically challenge the SA.

Available online 6 February 2019
Measurement properties of quality assessment tools for studies of diagnostic accuracy
Mark A. Kaizik, Alessandra N. Garcia, Mark J. Hancock, Robert D. Herbert

  • First head-to-head comparison of QUADAS, QUADAS-2, DAQS measurement properties.

  • Inter-tester reliability of individual items of the tools was poor.

  • Summary scores were imprecise and convergent validity was often low.

  • The quality of the included studies was mixed.

  • A new quality assessment tool should exclude items relating to generalizability.

Available online 6 February 2019
Higher order thinking about differential diagnosis
Chad E. Cook, Simon Décary

  • Diagnosis is designed to improve communication and documentation about a patient's condition and should help refine treatment options for patients. A diagnosis allows clinicians to “cross-talk” and reduce variability of care.

  • Higher order thinking is a form of thinking and learning that requires greater cognitive processing and indirectly requires different forms of learning beyond memorization, facts and, concepts. Higher order thinking occurs after one makes a diagnosis.

  • Diagnostic metrics are either internal (in that they provide information about the test only) or external (in that they provide information about post-test decision making). The best tests influence post-test decision making.

  • Overdiagnosis may lead to overtreatment. A caveat exists that over-pursuing diagnoses may lead to worse outcomes.

  • Within a diagnosis are specific phenotypes. Thus, multiple patients may have a single diagnosis but present markedly differently and respond to different outcomes.

Available online 3 February 2019
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation to improve gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis
Ana Paula Salazar, Aline Souza Pagnussat, Gabriela Alves Pereira, Gabriela Scopel, Janice Luisa Lukrafka

  • NMES might be used as adjuvant therapy to improve sitting and standing GMFM dimensions.

  • NMES is not better than PT alone to improve GMFM walking dimension.

  • Further research is still necessary to determine the precise effects of NMES on GMFM.

Available online 1 February 2019
Showing confidence (intervals)
Steven J. Kamper
Available online 30 January 2019
Effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training and bladder training for women with urinary incontinence in primary care: a pragmatic controlled trial
Camila Teixeira Vaz, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Fernanda Saltiel, Elyonara Mello Figueiredo

  • The majority of women do not have access to physical therapy for urinary incontinence in primary health centers.

  • Physical therapy intervention can be succssesfully implemented in primary health care centers.

  • The PFMT and bladder training was effective, with positive results as early as 6 weeks.

  • The protocols tested should be used in primary health centers.

Available online 29 January 2019
Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women: a cochrane systematic review abridged republication
Licia P. Cacciari, Chantale Dumoulin, E. Jean Hay-Smith

  • Women with stress UI were eight times more likely to report cure after PFMT.

  • Women with combined UI types were five times more likely to report cure after PFMT.

  • PFMT improves symptoms and QoL in women with stress, urge and combined UI types.

  • Results support the recommendation of PFMT as first-line treatment for UI in women.

Available online 29 January 2019
Does low and heavy load resistance training affect musculoskeletal pain in overweight and obese women? Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial
Anne Mette Rustaden, Lene Annette Hagen Haakstad, Gøran Paulsen, Kari Bø

  • Twelve weeks of BodyPump (low load resistance training) and heavy load resistance training with and without a personal trainer did not show any between group effects on self-reported musculoskeletal pain in overweight women.

  • High (≥75%) versus low (≤75%) exercise adherence do not affect the prevalence of bodily pain after 12 weeks of resistance training.

  • We need more studies evaluating changes in musculoskeletal pain during popular exercise concepts.

Available online 27 January 2019
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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